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Yr Organ

The Organ

English

Daw'r cyfeiriad cyntaf sydd gennym at organ yn yr Eglwys Gadeiriol yn y gerdd gan Gruffudd Gryg, a welodd ddyfodiad offeryn newydd rywbryd rhwng 1350 a 1370, ac mae'n cofnodi sut y cyfrannodd yr holl blwyfolion tuag ato.

O dan yr Esgob Rowlands (1598 - 1616) gwnaed trefniadau ar gyfer talu cyflog i organydd. Fodd bynnag, yn ystod esgobaeth yr esgob nesaf - Lewis Bayly - rydym yn clywed am un Thomas Boulton yn chwarae'r organ ac yn cwyno na thalwyd ei gyflog!

Yn ystod y Gymanwlad (1649 - 60) cafodd yr organ naill ai ei symud neu ei dinistrio yn unol â'r Gorchymyn Seneddol 'ar gyfer dymchwel yr holl organau, delweddau a holl faterion henebion ofergoelus yn gyflym ym mhob eglwys gadeiriol ... ledled teyrnas Lloegr ac arglwyddiaeth Cymru. '

Pan adferwyd Siarl II i'r orsedd ym 1660 gosodwyd organ newydd yn cael ei thalu o etifeddiaeth o £ 100 a adawyd gan yr Esgob William Roberts a'i godi gan ei olynydd, Robert Morgan. Yn achos yr organ roedd pennill Lladin lle cymharwyd y ddau esgob, a oedd wedi darparu'r arian ac wedi codi'r organ, â David a Solomon yn y drefn honno.

Yn 1779 disodlwyd yr organ gan offeryn newydd. Costiodd 360 gini ac fe'i gwnaed gan Samuel Green, prif adeiladwr organau ei ddydd. Roedd hwn yn cael ei ddefnyddio'n gyson nes iddo gael ei ddisodli gan yr organ bresennol a adeiladwyd gan un o brif adeiladwyr organau mwyaf y bedwaredd ganrif ar bymtheg - William Hill - a'i osod ym 1873.

Yr organ yw'r organ bib fwyaf yng Nghymru ac o bosib yn un o'r goreuon yn Ynysoedd Prydain. Mae'n darparu ased cymunedol unigryw i Ogledd Cymru. Mae'n offeryn pedair llawlyfr ysblennydd a chyflenwyd mwyafrif ei 4,210 o bibellau ym 1873 gan un o gwmnïau adeiladu organau enwocaf y dydd, William Hill, gydag ychwanegiadau dilynol gan yr un cwmni ym 1897.

Cafodd sylw mawr ddiwethaf ym 1954 pan gafodd ei ailadeiladu gan John Compton, ac ers hynny mae wedi cael ei ddefnyddio o ddydd i ddydd. Mae nifer o fyfyrwyr wedi elwa o astudio yn yr offeryn hwn ac wedi nodi bod organyddion o bob cwr o'r byd wedi ymweld ag Eglwys Gadeiriol Bangor yn arbennig i chwarae'r organ a rhoi cyngherddau cyhoeddus.

Cymraeg

The first reference we have of an organ in the Cathedral comes in the poem by Gruffudd Gryg, who witnessed the arrival of a new instrument sometime between 1350 and 1370, and records how all the parishioners contributed towards it.

Under Bishop Rowlands (1598 – 1616) arrangements were made for the payment of a stipend to an organist. However, during the episcopate of the next bishop – Lewis Bayly – we hear of one Thomas Boulton playing the organ and complaining that his salary was not paid!

During the commonwealth (1649 – 60) the organ was either removed or destroyed in accordance with the Parliamentary Order ‘for the speedy demolition of all organs, images and all matters of superstitious monuments in all cathedrals…throughout the kingdom of England and the dominion of Wales.’

When Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660 a new organ was installed being paid for from a legacy of £100 left by Bishop William Roberts and erected by his successor, Robert Morgan. On the organ case was a Latin verse in which the two bishops, who had provided the money and erected the organ, were compared to David and Solomon respectively.

In 1779 the organ was replaced by a new instrument. It cost 360 guineas and was made by Samuel Green, the leading organ builder of his day. This was in constant use until it was replaced by the present organ which was built by one of the greatest master organ builders of the nineteenth century – William Hill – and installed in 1873.

The organ is the largest pipe organ in Wales and potentially one of the finest in the British Isles. It provides North Wales with an irreplaceable community asset. It is a splendid four-manual instrument and the majority of its 4,210 pipes were supplied in 1873 by one of the most famous organ building firms of the day, William Hill, with subsequent additions by the same company in 1897.

It last received major attention in 1954 when it was re-built by John Compton, and since then has been used on a daily basis. Numerous students have benefited from study at this instrument and noted organists from all over the world have visited Bangor Cathedral especially to play the organ and give public concerts.