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Yr Organ

The Organ

English

Daw'r cyfeiriad cyntaf sydd gennym at organ yn yr Eglwys Gadeiriol yn y gerdd gan Gruffudd Gryg, a welodd ddyfodiad offeryn newydd rywbryd rhwng 1350 a 1370, ac mae'n cofnodi sut y cyfrannodd yr holl blwyfolion tuag ato.

O dan yr Esgob Rowlands (1598 - 1616) gwnaed trefniadau ar gyfer talu cyflog i organydd. Fodd bynnag, yn ystod esgobaeth yr esgob nesaf - Lewis Bayly - rydym yn clywed am un Thomas Boulton yn chwarae'r organ ac yn cwyno na thalwyd ei gyflog!

Yn ystod y Gymanwlad (1649 - 60) cafodd yr organ naill ai ei symud neu ei dinistrio yn unol â'r Gorchymyn Seneddol 'ar gyfer dymchwel yr holl organau, delweddau a holl faterion henebion ofergoelus yn gyflym ym mhob eglwys gadeiriol ... ledled teyrnas Lloegr ac arglwyddiaeth Cymru. '

Pan adferwyd Siarl II i'r orsedd ym 1660 gosodwyd organ newydd yn cael ei thalu o etifeddiaeth o £ 100 a adawyd gan yr Esgob William Roberts a'i godi gan ei olynydd, Robert Morgan. Yn achos yr organ roedd pennill Lladin lle cymharwyd y ddau esgob, a oedd wedi darparu'r arian ac wedi codi'r organ, â David a Solomon yn y drefn honno.

Yn 1779 disodlwyd yr organ gan offeryn newydd. Costiodd 360 gini ac fe'i gwnaed gan Samuel Green, prif adeiladwr organau ei ddydd. Roedd hwn yn cael ei ddefnyddio'n gyson nes iddo gael ei ddisodli gan yr organ bresennol a adeiladwyd gan un o brif adeiladwyr organau mwyaf y bedwaredd ganrif ar bymtheg - William Hill - a'i osod ym 1873, gydag ychwanegiadau gan yr un cwmni ym 1897.

Ailadeiladwyd yr organ yn sylweddol ym 1954 gan John Compton, ac ers hynny fe'i defnyddiwyd yn ddyddiol. Mae nifer o fyfyrwyr wedi elwa o astudio yn yr offeryn hwn ac wedi nodi bod organyddion o bob cwr o'r byd wedi ymweld ag Cadeirlan Bangor yn arbennig i chwarae'r organ a rhoi cyngherddau cyhoeddus.

Rhwng 2006 a 2008, ailadeiladodd yr organ gan adeiladwyr organ David Wells o Lerpwl. Mae'r seinfwrdd unawd bellach wedi'i leoli yn y bwa croesi i mewn i'r groesfa ogleddol a'r organ côr yn agored. Mae seinfwrdd y côr yn siambr yr organ wedi dod yn seinfwrdd unawd ac wedi cael ei droi rownd i'w wyneb trwy'r bwa croesfa. Fe'i codwyd yn uchel i ganiatáu lle ar gyfer cyfleusterau toiled a chegin ar y llawr gwaelod. Mae festri newydd wedi'i hadeiladu ar y llawr cyntaf ar gyfer gweinyddwyr. Mae'r consol newydd wedi'i osod yn y groesfa ogleddol.

Cymraeg

The first reference we have of an organ in the Cathedral comes in the poem by Gruffudd Gryg, who witnessed the arrival of a new instrument sometime between 1350 and 1370, and records how all the parishioners contributed towards it.

Under Bishop Rowlands (1598 – 1616) arrangements were made for the payment of a stipend to an organist. However, during the episcopate of the next bishop – Lewis Bayly – we hear of one Thomas Boulton playing the organ and complaining that his salary was not paid!

During the commonwealth (1649 – 60) the organ was either removed or destroyed in accordance with the Parliamentary Order ‘for the speedy demolition of all organs, images and all matters of superstitious monuments in all cathedrals…throughout the kingdom of England and the dominion of Wales.’

When Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660 a new organ was installed being paid for from a legacy of £100 left by Bishop William Roberts and erected by his successor, Robert Morgan. On the organ case was a Latin verse in which the two bishops, who had provided the money and erected the organ, were compared to David and Solomon respectively.

In 1779 the organ was replaced by a new instrument. It cost 360 guineas (£378) and was made by Samuel Green, the leading organ builder of his day. This was in constant use until it was replaced by the present organ which was built by one of the greatest master organ builders of the 19th century: William Hill, who also supplied most of its 4,210 pipes, and installed in 1873, with additions by the same company in 1897.

The organ had a major rebuild in 1954 by John Compton, and since then has been used on a daily basis. Numerous students have benefited from study at this instrument and noted organists from all over the world have visited Bangor Cathedral especially to play the organ and give public concerts.

Between 2006 and 2008, David Wells Organ Builders Ltd of Liverpool rebuilt the organ. The solo soundboard is now located in the crossing arch into the north transept and is the unenclosed choir organ. The choir soundboard in the organ chamber has become the solo soundboard and has been turned round to face through the transept arch. It has been raised high to allow space for toilet and kitchen facilities on the ground floor. A new vestry has been built on the first floor for servers. The new console is placed in the north transept.